Diş Sağlığı

Diş Sağlığı

Pano

Tooth Sensitivity

Tooth SensitivityAching of our teeth when subjected to hot and cold or when consuming sour food items causes us great discomfort. Cold sensitivity can causes exceptional discomfort for long periods of time. Pain is experienced due to hot/cold for two reasons: pain resulting from tooth decay and pain that is unrelated to tooth decay.   

The reason for the occurrence of sensitivity that is unrelated with tooth decay is that cold infiltrates the nerve tissue within the teeth and irritates the tips of the nerves. Cracks on the surface of teeth enamel may cause this. Nerve endings that reach the internal part of teeth may surface due to impact, cracks, etc. and they carry external stimuli through the inside of the teeth. 

Another reason for tooth sensitivity is receding gums due to gum diseases. Hard brushing can also lead to receding gums and in turn cause tooth sensitivity.  

In order to eliminate tooth sensitivity, we must eliminate external stimuli such as hot and cold from reaching the nerve tissue within the teeth. This can be done using various methods. The first method is to clean the dentine structure that has surfaced due to decay and fill the cavity with a suitable filling material. Similarly, cracks formed as a result of trauma, abrasion, etc. are also covered using fillings or other restoration methods.   

It is very hard to apply fillings in cases where sensitivity occurs as a result of roots having surfaced due to brushing or receding of the gums. In such cases, treatments such as application of fluoride may be conducted. This procedure is similar to sealing cracks on a wall with plaster.  

A highly concentrated fluoride solution is administered to the dentine canals and as a result, external stimuli are prevented from reaching the nerve endings. There are various toothpastes and ointments on the market that are produced for this purpose. These toothpastes usually contain the word "sensitive" or the letter "F" in their names.